Is it true that Switzerland was completely neutral during WWII? This question has many different answers. The short answer is no, but the long answer is also possible. In 1940, the United States invited Switzerland to attend the Paris Reparations Conference, a gathering aimed at reviving trade relations with the country. In addition, the U.S. and Great Britain wanted Switzerland to help with humanitarian relief by allowing refugees to cross their borders. The long answer, however, is no. The Swiss government refused to allow the Nazis to take the Gold and Assets of the Allies stored in their territory.
The first part of the question is a myth. There was no Swiss involvement in the war. Despite this, Swiss officials did cooperate with the Nazis. The country’s rail tunnel, the St. Gotthard, was a vital transalpine lifeline, and it flowed supplies between Germany and Italy. As a result, Switzerland effectively became part of the Greater German Reich. The second part of the question is more interesting: was Switzerland totally neutral during WWII?
In the Second Question, Switzerland was not completely neutral during World War II. It was surrounded by the Axis powers and planning an invasion. They had mobilized 850,000 soldiers, but were unable to invade. A plan by Henri Guisan, Swiss Federal Councillor and director of the Foreign Ministry, prevented their government from entering the war, and the Allied Powers were outraged. A telegram between the two was intercepted by the Germans and it was never released.
A more accurate question would be: was Switzerland completely neutral during WWII? While the country did not officially participate in the war, it actively avoided participating in it. This meant that the Swiss were fighting their own interests and were prepared for an attack by Nazis. The Germans recognized Switzerland’s neutrality and were ready to help it in the war. It was an extremely dangerous period in their history, but its neutrality and peace efforts were worth it.
Despite its reputation as a former neutral country, the fact that Switzerland had no allies during World War II is still not entirely clear. Historically, the country was not neutral in the war but was neutral in the aftermath. Its government had been assisting Nazi Germany, but had never officially attacked the country. During this time, it did not take sides. It also did not act on its commitments. Its government, however, was highly suspicious of the Swiss National Bank and subsequently was unable to withstand a threat.
Historically, Switzerland’s position during World War II was in question. The Nazis had long admired the Swiss people, and their economic policies were highly successful. As a result, Switzerland remained a neutral nation during the war. Although it was an unwilling participant in the conflict, it remained a highly-regarded country. Its government was considered to be an influential force in the war, which meant it was often a good thing.
Despite its neutral status, Switzerland’s position as a neutral country was of great interest to Nazis during the war. Its position, geographically, made it an easy target for Nazis. Hence, the Swiss Confederation remained in an armed neutral position during the conflict. Its military and its stance were both a key part of the war. The Swiss also remained out of reach of the Axis.
After the Allies defeated the Nazis, Switzerland remained a friendly neighbor and was thus able to remain neutral. But after the Allies were defeated, Switzerland had to start rebuilding its military. By 1940, the Nazis had occupied France. As a result, it was impossible for Switzerland to stay neutral. During the war, the Swiss helped the Nazis by allowing them to exist in its territory.
In the early 1930s, the country was considered neutral, but its history of Nazi occupation has also tainted this claim. In 1939, the National Front had occupied the country. Nevertheless, in 1938, the Nazis did not invade Switzerland. It was a case of Switzerland preparing for a war. Interestingly, it was a German colony. A few years later, the Swiss had already entered the war and made their presence felt.